Dr. Christian Melsheimer

University of Bremen
Institute of Environmental Physics
Otto-Hahn-Allee 1, 28359 Bremen, Germany
Building NW1, office N3370, phone +49-421-218-62181
email: melsheimer(at)uni-bremen.de

Curriculum Vitae and Research Interests

Christian Melsheimer  received his Diplom in Physics from the University of Dortmund, Dortmund,  Germany, in 1994 and the PhD (Dr. rer. nat.) degree from the Department of Earth Sciences of the University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, in 1998.
From 1995 to 1998, he was in the Satellite Oceanography group at the Institute of Oceanography of the University of Hamburg, Germany, where his work concentrated on radar imaging of the ocean surface and on remote sensing of rain over the ocean. From 1999 to 2002 he was with the Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing, and Processing (CRISP) at the National University of Singapore, Singapore, where he studied various oceanic phenomena as visible on satellite radar images and satellite images taken in visible/near-infrared light. Since 2002, he has been with the Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP) at the University of Bremen, Germany, where he does research in microwave remote sensing of atmosphere, sea and land, with special emphasis on the polar regions.

Peer-reviewed Publications

  1. Melsheimer, C., G. Spreen, Y. Ye, & M. Shokr (2023). First results of Antarctic sea ice type retrieval from active and passive microwave remote sensing data. The Cryosphere, 17, 105–126. doi:10.5194/tc-17-105-2023 [Article (PDF file)]
  2. Mchedlishvili, A., G. Spreen, C. Melsheimer, & M. Huntemann (2022). Weddell Sea polynya analysis using SMOS-SMAP apparent sea ice thickness retrieval. The Cryosphere, 16, 471–487. doi:10.5194/tc-16-471-2022 [Article (PDF file)]
  3. Triana-Gómez, A. M., G. Heygster, C. Melsheimer, G. Spreen, M. Negusini, & B. H. Petkov (2020). Improved water vapour retrieval from AMSU-B and MHS in the Arctic. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 3697–3715. doi:10.5194/amt-13-3697-2020 [Article (PDF file)]
  4. Ardhuin, F., G. Boutin, J. Stopa, F. Girard-Ardhuin, C. Melsheimer, J. Thomson, A. Kohout, M. Doble, and P. Wadhams. Wave attenuation through an Arctic marginal ice zone on october 12, 2015: 2. numerical modeling of waves and associated ice break-up. J. Geophys. Res.Oceans, 2018. (doi:10.1002/2018JC013784)
  5. H.M. Lam, G. Spreen, G. Heygster, C. Melsheimer, and N.W. Young. Erroneous sea ice concentration retrieval in the east antarctic. Ann. Glaciol., 59(76), 2018. (doi:10.1017/aog.2018.1)
  6. R. C. Scarlat, C. Melsheimer, and G. Heygster. Retrieval of total water vapour in the arctic using microwave humidity sounders. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11:2067–2084, 2018. (doi:0.5194/amt-11-2067-2018)
  7. G. Suresh, C. Melsheimer, I.R. MacDonald, J. Notholt, and G. Bohrmann. Application of the automatic seep location estimator (ASLE) with the use of contextual information for estimating offshore oil seeps. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 5:16-26, 2017 (doi:10.1016/j.rsase.2016.11.005)
  8. L. Kaleschke, X. Tian-Kunze, N. Maaß, A. Beitsch, A. Wernecke, M. Miernecki, G. Müller, B. H. Fock, A. M.U. Gierisch, K. H. Schlünzen, T. Pohlmann, M. Dobrynin, S. Hendricks, J. Asseng, R. Gerdes, P. Jochmann, N. Reimer, J. Holfort, C. Melsheimer, G. Heygster, G. Spreen, S. Gerland, Jennifer King, N. Skou, S. Schmidl Søbjærg, C. Haas, F. Richter, and T. Casal. SMOS sea ice product: Operational application and validation in the barents sea marginal ice zone. Remote Sens. Environ., 180:264–273, 2016 ( doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.03.009).
  9. C. Melsheimer, T. Frost, and G. Heygster. Detectability of polar mesocyclones and polar lows using data from space-borne microwave humidity sounders. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 9(1):326–335, 2016. (doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2499083)
  10. G. Suresh, C. Melsheimer, J.-H. Körber, and G. Bohrmann. Automatic estimation of oil seep locations in synthetic aperture radar images. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 53(8):4218–4230, 2015. (doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2393375)
  11. L. Istomina, G. Heygster, M. Huntemann, H. Marks, C. Melsheimer, E. Zege, A. Malinka, A. Prikhach, and I. Katsev. Melt pond fraction and spectral sea ice albedo retrieval from MERIS data – part 2: Case studies and trends of sea ice albedo and melt ponds in the Arctic for years 2002–2011. The Cryosphere, 9(4):1567–1578, 2015. (doi:10.5194/tc-9-1567-2015)
  12. A. Cherkasheva, A. Bracher, C. Melsheimer, C. Köberle, R. Gerdes, E.-M. Nöthig, E. Bauerfeind, , and A. Boetius. Influence of the physical environment on polar phytoplankton blooms: a case study in the Fram Strait. Journal of Marine Systems, 132:196–207, 2014. (doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2013.11.008)
  13. A. Cherkasheva, E.-M. Nöthig, E. Bauerfeind, C. Melsheimer, , and A. Bracher. From the chlorophyll a in the surface layer to its vertical profile: a Greenland Sea relationship for satellite applications. Ocean Science, 9:431–445, 2013. (doi:10.5194/os-9-431-2013)
  14. G. Heygster, V. Alexandrov, G. Dybkjær, F. Girard-Ardhuin, W. von Hoyningen-Huene, I.L. Katsev, A. Kokhanovsky, T. Lavergne, A.V. Malinka, C. Melsheimer, L. Toudal Pedersen, A.S. Prikhach, R. Saldo, R. Tonboe, H. Wiebe, and E P. Zege. Remote sensing of sea ice: advances during the DAMOCLES project. The Cryosphere, 6:1411–1434, 2012. (doi:10.5194/tc-6-1411-2012)
  15. S. A. Buehler, S. Östman, C. Melsheimer, G. Holl, S. Eliasson, V. O. John, T. Blumenstock, F. Hase, G. Elgered, U. Raffalski, T. Nasuno, M. Satoh, M. Milz, and J. Mendrok. A multi-instrument comparison of integrated water vapour measurements at a high latitude site. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(22):10925–10943, 2012. (doi:10.5194/acp-12-10925-2012)
  16. M. Palm, C. Melsheimer, S. Noël, J. Notholt, J. Burrows, and O. Schrems. Integrated water vapor above Ny Ålesund, Spitsbergen: a multisensor intercomparison. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(3):1215–1226, 2010.
  17. N. Mathew, G. Heygster, and C. Melsheimer. Surface emissivity of the Arctic sea ice at AMSR-E frequencies. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 47(12):4115–4124, 2009. (doi:10.1109/TGRS.2009.2023667)
  18. G. Heygster, C. Melsheimer, N. Mathew, L. Toudal, R. Saldo, S. Andersen, R. Tonboe, H. Schyberg, F.T. Tveter, V. Thyness, N. Gustafsson, T. Landelius, P. Dahlgren, and V. Perov. IOMASA - Integrated Observation and Modeling of the Arctic Sea ice and Atmosphere. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., pages 293–297, 2009. (doi:10.1175/2008BAMS2202.1)
  19. A. Rinke, C. Melsheimer, K. Dethloff, and G. Heygster. Arctic total water vapor: Comparison of regional climate simulations with observations and simulated decadal trends. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 10(1):113–129, 2009. (doi:10.1175/2008JHM970.1)
  20. C. Melsheimer, G. Heygster, N. Mathew, and L. Toudal Pedersen. Retrieval of sea ice emissivity and integrated retrieval of surface and atmospheric parameters over the Arctic from AMSR-E data. Journal of the Remote Sensing Society of Japan, 29(1):236–241, 2009.
  21. M. Gade, W. Alpers, C. Melsheimer, and G. Tanck. Classification of sediments on exposed tidal flats in the German bight using multi-frequency radar data. Remote Sens. Environ., 112:1603–1613, 2008. (doi:10.1016/j.rse.2007.08.015)
  22. C. Melsheimer and G. Heygster. Improved retrieval of total water vapor over polar regions from AMSU-B microwave radiometer data. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46(8):2307–2322, 2008. (doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.918013)
  23. N. Mathew, G. Heygster, C. Melsheimer, and L. Kaleschke. Surface emissivity of Arctic sea ice at AMSU window frequencies. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46(8):2298–2306, 2008. (doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.916630)
  24. H. Laue, S. Andersen, C. Melsheimer, and G. Heygster. Potential of SSMIS to derive cloud liquid water over sea ice. Int. J. Remote Sens., 28(20):4693–4700, 2007. (doi:10.1080/01431160701596131)
  25. P. Eriksson, M. Ekstroem, C. Melsheimer, and S. A. Buehler. Efficient forward modelling by matrix representation of sensor responses. Int. J. Remote Sens., 27(9-10):179–190, 2006. (doi:10.1080/01431160500447254)
  26. C. Melsheimer, C. Verdes, S. A. Buehler, C. Emde, P. Eriksson, D. G. Feist, S. Ichizawa, V. O. John, Y. Kasai, G. Kopp, N. Koulev, T. Kuhn, O. Lemke, S. Ochiai, F. Schreier, T. R. Sreerekha, M. Suzuki, C. Takahashi, S. Tsujimaru, and J. Urban. Intercomparison of general purpose clear sky atmospheric radiative transfer models for the millimeter/submillimeter spectral range. Radio Sci., 40, 2005. (doi:10.1029/2004RS003110)
  27. C. Melsheimer and S.C. Liew. Extracting bathymetry from multi-temporal SPOT images. Asian Journal of Geoinformatics, 3(1):37–42, 2002.
  28. C. Melsheimer, W. Alpers, and M. Gade. Simultaneous observations of rain cells over the ocean by the synthetic aperture radar aboard the ERS satellites and by surface-based weather radars. J. Geophys. Res., 106(C3):4665–4678, 2001.
  29. C. Melsheimer, W. Alpers, and M. Gade. Investigation of multi-frequency/multi-polarization radar signatures of rain cells over the ocean using SIR-C/X-SAR data. J. Geophys. Res., 103:18867–18884, 1998.
  30. C. Melsheimer, M. Bao, and W. Alpers. Imaging of ocean waves on both sides of an atmospheric front by the SIR-C/X-SAR. J. Geophys. Res., 103:18839–18849, 1998.
  31. H. Keiter, T. Leuders, C. Melsheimer, and P. Schönenberg. Comparison of various approaches to the Anderson lattice. Physica B, 206 & 207:168–170, 1995.



Book chapters


  1. C. Mätzler and C. Melsheimer. Radiative transfer and microwave radiometry. In C. Mätzler, editor, Thermal Microwave Radiation: Applications for Remote Sensing, IEE Electromagnetic Wave series, pages 1–23. IEE Press, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, UK, 2006.
  2. W. Alpers and C. Melsheimer. Rainfall. In C.R. Jackson and J.R. Apel, editors, Synthetic Aperture Radar Marine User's Manual, pages 355–371. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, September 2004.