Peer-reviewed Publications


  • Liu, J., Z. Chen, Y. Hu, Y, Zhang, Y. Ding, X. Cheng, Q. Yang, L. Nerger, G. Spreen, R. Horton, J. Inoue, C-Y. Yang, M. Li and M. Song (2018, accepted). Towards reliable Arctic sea ice prediction using multivariate data assimilation, Science Bulletin.
  • Wendisch, M., A. Macke, A. Ehrlich, C. Lüpkes, M. Mech, D. Chechin, K. Dethloff, C. Barientos, H. Bozem, M. Brückner, H.-C. Clemen, S. Crewell, T. Donth, R. Dupuy, K. Ebell, U. Egerer, R. Engelmann, C. Engler, O. Eppers, M. Gehrmann, X. Gong, M. Gottschalk, C. Gourbeyre, H. Griesche, J. Hartmann, M. Hartmann, B. Heinold, A. Herber, H. Herrmann, G. Heygster, P. Hoor, S. Jafariserajehlou, E. Jäkel, E. Järvinen, O. Jourdan, U. Kästner, S. Kecorius, E. M. Knudsen, F. Köllner, J. Kretzschmar, L. Lelli, D. Leroy, M. Maturilli, L. Mei, S. Mertes, G. Mioche, R. Neuber, M. Nicolaus, T. Nomokonova, J. Notholt, M. Palm, M. van Pinxteren, J. Quaas, P. Richter, E. Ruiz-Donoso, M. Schäfer, K. Schmieder, M. Schnaiter, J. Schneider, A. Schwarzenböck, P. Seifert, M. D. Shupe, H. Siebert, G. Spreen, J. Stapf, F. Stratmann, T. Vogl, A. Welti, H. Wex, A. Wiedensohler, M. Zanatta, & Sebastian Zeppenfeld (2018). The Arctic Cloud Puzzle: Using ACLOUD/PASCAL Multi-Platform Observations to Unravel the Role of Clouds and Aerosol Particles in Arctic Amplification. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.., in press. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0072.1
  • Grosfeld, K., R. Treffeisen, J. Asseng, G. Heygster (2018) The Web Portal '' in Context of ESKP. In G. Krause (ed.) Building Bridges at the Science-Stakeholder Interface. Towards Knowledge Exchange in Earth System Science. In series Springer Briefs in Earth System Science, 69-72.
  • Patilea, C., G. Heygster, M. Huntemann, & G. Spreen (2017, in review for TC). Combined SMAP/SMOS Thin Sea Ice Thickness Retrieval, The Cryosphere Discuss. doi:10.5194/tc-2017-168
  • Ardhuin, F., G. Boutin, J. Stopa, F. Girard-Ardhuin, C. Melsheimer, J. Thomson, A. Kohout, M. Doble, & P. Wadhams (2018). Wave Attenuation Through and Arctic Marginal Ice Zone on October 12, 2015: 2. Numerical Modeling of Waves and Associated Ice Break-Up. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 123(8), 5652–5668. doi:10.1002/2018JC013784
  • Itkin P., G. Spreen, S. M. Hvidegaard, H. Skourup, J. Wilkinson, S. Gerland, & M. A. Granskog (2018). Contribution of deformation to sea-ice mass balance: a case study from an N-ICE2015 storm. Geophys. Res. Lett., 45(2), 789–796. doi:10.1002/2017GL076056 [Article (PDF file)]
  • Johansson, A. M., C. Brekke, G. Spreen, J. A. King (2018). X-, C-, and L-band SAR signatures of newly formed sea ice in Arctic leads during winter and spring. Rem. Sens. Env., 204, 162–180. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2017.10.032 [Article (PDF file)]
  • Kilic, L., C. Prigent, F. Aires, J.Boutin, G. Heygster, R. T. Tonboe, H. Roquet, C. Jimenez, & C. Donlon (2018). Expected performances of the Copernicus Imaging Microwave Radiometer (CIMR) for an all-weather and high spatial resolution estimation of ocean and sea ice parameters. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans. 123(10), 7564-7580. doi:10.1029/2018JC014408 [Article (PDF file)]
  • King, J., H. Skourup, S. M. Hvidegaard, A. Rösel, S. Gerland, G. Spreen, C. Polashenski, V. Helm, & G. E. Liston (2018). Comparison of freeboard retrieval and ice thickness calculation from ALS, ASIRAS, and CryoSat-2 in the Norwegian Arctic, to field measurements made during the N-ICE2015 expedition. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 123(2), 1123–1141. doi:10.1002/2017JC013233 [Article (PDF file)]
  • Korosov, A. A., P. Rampal, L. T. Pedersen, R. Saldo, Y. Ye, G. Heygster, T. Lavergne, S. Aaboe, & F. Girard-Ardhuin (2018). A new tracking algorithm for sea ice age distribution estimation. The Cryosphere, 12, 2073–2085. doi:10.5194/tc-12-2073-2018 [Article (PDF file)]
  • Lam, H. M., G. Spreen, G. Heygster, C. Melsheimer, & N. W. Young (2018). Erroneous sea ice concentration retrieval in the East Antarctic. Ann. Glaciol., 59(76pt2), 201–212. doi:10.1017/aog.2018.1 [Article (PDF file)]
  • Lu, J., G. Heygster, & G. Spreen (2018). Atmospheric Correction of Sea Ice Concentration Retrieval for 89 GHz AMSR-E Observations. IEEE J-STARS., 11(5), 1442–1457. doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2018.2805193
  • Lu, P., M. Leppäranta, B. Cheng, Z. Li, L. Istomina, & G. Heygster (2018). The color of melt ponds on Arctic sea ice. The Cryosphere, 12, 1331–1345. doi:10.5194/tc-12-1331-2018 [Article (PDF file)]
  • Malinka, A., E. Zege, L. Istomina, G. Heygster, G. Spreen, D. Perovich, & C. Polashenski (2018). Reflective properties of melt ponds on sea ice. The Cryosphere, 12, 1921–1937. doi:10.5194/tc-12-1921-2018 [Article (PDF file)]
  • Murashkin, D., G. Spreen, M. Huntemann, & W. Dierking (2018). Method for detection of leads from Sentinel-1 SAR images. Ann. Glaciol., 59(76pt2), 124–136. doi:10.1017/aog.2018.6 [Article (PDF file)]
  • Rostosky, P.G. Spreen, S. L. Farrell, T. FrostG. Heygster, & C. Melsheimer (2018). Snow depth retrieval on Arctic sea ice from passive microwave radiometers—Improvements and extensions to multiyear ice using lower frequencies. J Geophys. Res. Oceans, 123(10), 7120–7138. doi:10.1029/2018JC014028 [Article (PDF file)]
  • Scarlat, R. C., C. Melsheimer, & G. Heygster (2018). Retrieval of Total Water Vapour in the Arctic Using Microwave Humidity Sounders. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 2067–2084. doi:0.5194/amt-11-2067-2018 [Article (PDF file)]


  • Assmy, P., M. Fernandez-Mendez, P. Duarte, A. Meyer, A. Randelhoff, C. Mundy, L. Olsen, H. Kauko, A. Bailey, M. Chierici, L. Cohen, A. Doulgeris, J. Ehn, A. Fransson, S. Gerland, H. Hop, S. Hudson, N. Hughes, P. Itkin, G. Johnsen, J. King, B. Koch, Z. Koenig, S. Kwasniewski, S. Laney, M. Nicolaus, A. Pavlov, C. Polashenski, C. Provost, A. Rösel, M. Sandbu, G. Spreen, L. Smedsrud, A. Sundfjord, T. Taskjelle, A. Tatarek, J. Wiktor, P. Wagner, A. Wold, H. Steen, & M. Granskog (2017). Leads in Arctic pack ice enable early phytoplankton blooms below snow-covered sea ice. Scientific Reports, 7, 40850. doi:10.1038/srep40850 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Barbaro, E., A. Spolaor, O. Karroca, K.-T. Park, T. Martma, E. Isaksson, J. Kohler, J. C. Gallet, M. P. Bjorkman, D. Cappelletti, G. Spreen, R. Zangrando, C. Barbante, & A. Gambaro (2017). Free amino acids in the Arctic snow and ice core samples: potential markers for paleoclimatic studies. Science of the Total Environment, 607-608, 454–462. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.07.041
  • Carlsen, T., G. Birnbaum, A. Ehrlich, J. Freitag, G. Heygster, L. Istomina, S. Kipfstuhl, A. Orsi, M. Schäfer, & M. Wendisch (2017). Comparison of different methods to retrieve effective snow grain size in central Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 11, 2727–2741. doi:10.5194/tc-11-2727-2017
  • Fransson, A., M. Chierici, I. Skjelvan, A. Olsen, P. Assmy, A. K. Peterson, G. Spreen, & B. Ward (2017). Effects of sea-ice and biogeochemical processes and storms on under-ice water fCO2 during the winter-spring transition in the high Arctic Ocean: implications for sea-air CO2 fluxes. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122(7), 5566–5587. doi:10.1002/2016JC012478 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Hui, F., X. Cheng, P. Gong, J. Kang, Y. Liu, F. Wang, Z. Li, Y. Ye, & Z. Guo (2017). AntarcticaLC2000: The new Antarctic land cover database for the year 2000. Science China Earth Sciences, 60(4), 686–696. doi:10.1007/s11430-016-0029-2
  • Itkin, P., G. Spreen, B. Cheng, M. Doble, F. Girard-Ardhuin, J. Haapala, N. Hughes, L. Kaleschke, M. Nicolaus, & J. Wilkinson (2017). Thin ice and storms: sea ice deformation from buoy arrays deployed during N-ICE2015. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122(6), 4661–4674. doi:10.1002/2016JC012403 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Johansson, A. M., J. A. King, A. P. Doulgeris, S. Gerland, S. Singha, G. Spreen, & T. Busche (2017). Combined observations of Arctic sea ice with near-coincident colocated X-band, C-band, and L-band SAR satellite remote sensing and helicopter-borne measurements. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122(1), 669–691. doi:10.1002/2016JC012273
  • King, J., G. Spreen, S. Gerland, C. Haas, S. Hendricks, L. Kaleschke, & C. Wang (2017). Sea-Ice Thickness from field measurements in the north-western Barents Sea. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122(2), 1497–1512. doi:10.1002/2016JC012199
  • Pedersen, L. T., R. Tonboe, S. Kern, T. Lavergne, N. Ivanova, & G. Heygster (2017). Sea Ice Observations. In T. Carrieres, M. Buehner, J.-F. Lemieux and L. T. Pedersen (eds.), Sea Ice Analysis and Forecasting - Towards an Increased Reliance on Automated Prediction Systems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (UK), 51-108. ISBN: 9781108417426
  • Scarlat, R. C., G. Heygster, & L. T. Pedersen (2017). Experiences With an Optimal Estimation Algorithm for Surface and Atmospheric Parameter Retrieval From Passive Microwave Data in the Arctic. IEEE J-STARS, 10, 3934–3947. doi:10.1109/jstars.2017.2739858
  • Spreen, G., R. Kwok, D. Menemenlis, & A. T. Nguyen (2017). Sea ice deformation in a coupled ocean-sea ice model and in satellite remote sensing data. The Cryosphere, 11, 1553–1573. doi:10.5194/tc-11-1553-2017 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Spreen, G., & S. Kern (2017). Chapter 9 Methods of satellite remote sensing of sea ice. In D. N. Thomas (Ed.), Sea Ice (3rd Edition, pp. 239–260). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN: 978-1-118-77838-8, doi:10.1002/9781118778371
  • Suresh, G., C. Melsheimer, I. R. MacDonald, J. Notholt, & G. Bohrmann (2017). Application of the automatic seep location estimator (ASLE) with the use of contextual information for estimating offshore oil seeps. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 5, 16–26. doi:10.1016/j.rsase.2016.11.005
  • Vallelonga, P., N. Maffezzoli, A. D. Moy, M. A. J. Curran, T. R. Vance, R. Edwards, G. Hughes, E. Barker, G. Spreen, A. Saiz-Lopez, J. P. Corella, C. A. Cuevas, & A. Spolaor (2017). Sea-ice-related halogen enrichment at Law Dome, coastal East Antarctica. Clim. Past, 13, 171–184. doi:10.5194/cp-13-171-2017 [Article (PDF-File)]


  • Dorschel, B., J. Gutt, O. Huhn, A. Bracher, M. Huntemann, W. Huneke, C. Gebhardt, M. Schröder,  & H. Herr (2016). Environmental information for a marine ecosystem research approach for the northern Antarctic Peninsula (RV Polarstern expedition PS81, ANT-XXIX/3). Polar Biology, 39(5), 765–787. doi:10.1007/s00300-015-1861-2
  • Gilg, O., L. IstominaG. Heygster, H. Strøm, M.V. Gavrilo, M.L. Mallory, G. Gilchrist, A. Aebischer, B. Sabard, M. Huntemann, A. Mosbech, & G. Yannic (2016). Living on the edge of a shrinking habitat: the ivory gull, Pagophila eburnea, an endangered sea-ice specialist. Biology Letters, 12(11). doi:10.1098/rsbl.2016.0277
  • Istomina, L., C. Melsheimer, M. Huntemann, M. Nicolaus, & G. Heygster (2016). Retrieval of sea ice thickness during melt season from in situ, airborne and satellite imagery. 2016 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Beijing, pp. 7678-7681. doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2016.7731002
  • Kaleschke, L., X. Tian-Kunze, N. Maaß, A. Beitsch, A. Wernecke, M. Miernecki, G. Müller, B.H. Fock, A.M. Gierisch, K.H. Schlünzen, T. Pohlmann, M. Dobrynin, S. Hendricks, J. Asseng, R. Gerdes, P. Jochmann, N. Reimer, J. Holfort, C. MelsheimerG. HeygsterG. Spreen, S. Gerland, J. King, N. Skou, S.S. Søbjærg, C. Haas, F. Richter, & T. Casal (2016). SMOS sea ice product: Operational application and validation in the Barents Sea marginal ice zone. Remote Sens. Environ., 180, 264–273. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.03.009
  • Krumpen, T., R. Gerdes, C. Haas, S. Hendricks, A. Herber, V. Selyuzhenok, L. Smedsrud, & G. Spreen (2016). Recent summer sea ice thickness surveys in the Fram Strait and associated ice volume fluxes. The Cryosphere, 10(2), 523–534. doi:10.5194/tc-10-523-2016 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Malinka, A.V., E.P. Zege, I.L. Katsev, A.S. Prikhach, & L. Istomina (2016). Accounting for Atmospheric Effects in the Interpretation of Satellite and Ground-Based Optical Measurements. J Appl Spectrosc., 83, 741–749. doi:10.1007/s10812-016-0357-3
  • Malinka, A., E. Zege, G. Heygster, & L. Istomina (2016). Reflective properties of white and snow-covered sea ice. The Cryosphere, 10(6), 2541–2557. doi:10.5194/tc-10-2541-2016 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Melsheimer, C.T. Frost, & G. Heygster (2016). Detectability of polar mesocyclones and polar lows using data from space-borne microwave humidity sounders. IEEE J-STARS, 9(1), 326–335. doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2499083
  • Ressel, R., S. Singha, S. Lehner, A. Rösel, & G. Spreen (2016). Investigation into different polarimetric features for sea ice classification using X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar. IEEE J-STARS, 9(7), 3131–3143. doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2016.2539501 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Ye, Y., M. Shokr, G. Heygster, & G. Spreen (2016). Improving multiyear ice concentration estimates with ice drift. Remote Sens., 8(5), 397. doi:10.3390/rs8050397 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Ye, Y., G. Heygster, & M. Shokr (2016). Improving multiyear ice concentration estimates with air temperatures. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 54(5), 2602–2614. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2503884
  • Zhu, T., F. Li, G. Heygster, & S. Zhang (2016). Antarctic sea-ice classification based on conditional random fields from RADARSAT-2 dual-polarization satellite images. IEEE J-STARS, 9(6), 2451–2467. doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2016.2551318


  • Huntemann, M., & G. Heygster (2015). A new method to filter out radio frequency interference (RFI) from SMOS Level 1C data for sea ice applications. In G. Lohmann, H. Megers, V. Unnithan, D. Wolf-Gladrow and J. Notholt (eds.): Towards an Interdisciplinary Approach in Earth System Science. Advances of a Helmholtz Graduate Research School. Springer Earth System Science, Heidelberg, pp. 91-98.
  • Istomina, L., G. Heygster, M. Huntemann, H. Marks, C. Melsheimer, E. Zege, A. Malinka, A. Prikhach, & I. Katsev (2015). Melt pond fraction and spectral sea ice albedo retrieval from MERIS data – Part 2: Case studies and trends of sea ice albedo and melt ponds in the Arctic for years 2002–2011. The Cryosphere, 9(4), 1567–1578. doi:10.5194/tc-9-1567-2015 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Istomina, L., G. Heygster, M. Huntemann, P. Schwarz, G. Birnbaum, R. Scharien, C. Polashenski, D. Perovich, E. Zege, A. Malinka, A. Prikhach, & I. Katsev (2015). Melt pond fraction and spectral sea ice albedo retrieval from MERIS data – 1: Validation against in situ, aerial, and ship cruise data. The Cryosphere, 9, 1551–1566. doi:10.5194/tc-9-1551-2015 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Ivanova, N., L.T. Pedersen, R.T. Tonboe, S. Kern, G. Heygster, T. Lavergne, A. Sörensen, R. Saldo, G. Dybkjær, L. Brucker, & M. Shokr (2015). Inter-comparison and evaluation of sea ice algorithms: towards further identification of challenges and optimal approach using passive microwave observations. The Cryosphere, 9, 1797–1817. doi:10.5194/tc-9-1797-2015 [Article (PDF-File)]
  • Kyba, C.C.M., K.P. Tong, J. Bennie, I. Birriel, J.J. Birriel, A. Cool, A. Danielsen, T.W. Davies, P.N. den Outer, W. Edwards, R. Ehlert, F. Falchi, J. Fischer, A. Giacomelli, F. Giubbilini, M. Haaima, C. Hesse, G. Heygster, F. Hölker, R. Inger, L.J. Jensen, H.U. Kuechly, J. Kuehn, P. Langill, D.E. Lolkema, M. Nagy, M. Nievas, N. Ochi, E. Popow, T. Posch, J. Puschnig, T. Ruhtz, W. Schmidt, R. Schwarz, A. Schwope, H. Spoelstra, A. Tekatch, M. Trueblood, C.E. Walker, M. Weber, D.L. Welch, J. Zamorano, & K.J. Gaston (2015). Worldwide variations in artificial skyglow. Scientific Reports, 5:8409. doi:10.1038/srep08409
  • Suresh, G., C. Melsheimer, J.-H. Körber, & G. Bohrmann (2015) Automatic Estimation of oil seep locations in Synthetic Aperture Radar images. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2393375
  • Tomasi, C., A.A. Kokhanovsky, A. Lupi, C. Ritter, A. Smirnov, N.T. O’Neill, R.S. Stone, B.N. Holben, S. Nyeki, C. Wehrli, A. Stohl, M. Mazzola, C. Lanconelli, V. Vitale, K. Stebel, V. Aaltonen, G. de Leeuw, E. Rodriguez, A.B. Herber, V.F. Radionov, T. Zielinski, T. Petelski, S.M. Sakerin, D.M. Kabanov, Y. Xue, L. Mei, L. Istomina, R. Wagener, B. McArthur, P.S. Sobolewski, R. Kivi, Y. Courcoux, P. Larouche, S. Broccardo, & S.J. Piketh (2015). Aerosol remote sensing in polar regions. Earth-Science Reviews, 140, 108–157. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2014.11.001
  • Ye, Y., & G. Heygster (2015). Arctic multiyear ice concentration retrieval from SSM/I data using the NASA Team algorithm with dynamic tie points. In G. Lohmann, H. Megers, V. Unnithan, D. Wolf-Gladrow and J. Notholt (eds.): Towards an Interdisciplinary Approach in Earth System Science. Advances of a Helmholtz Graduate Research School. Springer Earth System Science, Heidelberg, pp. 99–108.
  • Zege, E. P., A.V. Malinka, I.L. Katsev, A.S. Prikhach, G. HeygsterL. Istomina, G. Birnbaum, and P. Schwarz (2015). Algorithm to retrieve the melt pond fraction and the spectral albedo of Arctic summer ice from satellite data. Remote Sens. Environ., 163, 153–164. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2015.03.012

Before 2015

Publications before 2015 can be found on our old website:

Theses and Reports